Cocaine is one of the most abused drugs. Derived from the coca plant and found in both powder (cocaine) and rock (crack cocaine) forms, it can be extremely addictive, as it produces positive effects to the brain that include euphoria, heightened alertness, and decreased appetite. However, cocaine addictions can also lead to overdoses, which result in convulsions, comas, and death. Cocaine can also be an incredibly expensive addiction to maintain.
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Differences Between Cocaine & Crack Cocaine
While crack and cocaine are both regarded as the same kind of drug, they can produce different effects and are distributed differently depending on socioeconomic status.
Crack is powder cocaine mixed with water and baking soda, which got its name from the crackling sound that is made when the drug is heated and smoked. Crack is typically smoked, which produces instant effects that can last up to 10 minutes. Because the effects wear off quickly, it’s common for users to develop a physical dependence.
Cocaine, on the other hand, is hydrochloride salt in powdered form that is snorted, taking about 5 minutes to take effect and lasting up to 30 minutes. If it’s injected, cocaine can take up to 30 minutes to take effect, and last up to an hour.
Cocaine is relatively expensive and is thus known as a party drug taken by those in a higher socioeconomic bracket, while crack was specifically developed as a cheaper alternative to cocaine and is more accessible to low-income communities.